History of Athens
Athens was built up around a hill that became known as the Acropolis. It rose 200 feet above the plains. The Acropolis had steep, cliff-like sides on three of its four sides. The fourth was easily fortified and defended.
According to legend, Athena, the goddess of wisdom and war, had a contest with Poseidon, the god of the seas, for ownership of Athens. Athena won the contest and became the patron goddess of the city.
Again according to legend, Theseus, a famous Athenian hero, unified the city under one government. Athens was said to have sent fifty ships as part of the Greek fleet sailed to Troy for the Trojan War.