History of Art

Lessons:

  Africa

  Cave Art

  Egyptian Art

  Greek Art

 Mesopotiamian

  Middle Ages
     Art

  Middle Ages
   Architecture

  Roman Art

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Greek Architecture Lesson

        The Ancient Greeks, especially Athenians, were blessed with close marble quarries.  In comparison, the Romans had to go great distances to bring marble into their capital of Rome.  The marble was very strong and could hold very large loads of weight.  Because of this the Greeks were able to build beautiful temples and buildings which are copied or imitated even to present day.  The architecture of the temples took three major forms; the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.  All three styles can be quickly identified by the top of the columns.  The Doric columns are a circular ring under a square piece of marble which supports the cross beam.  The Ionic column tops appear to have two scrolls on either side of the column right below the cross beam.  The Corinthian is an out growth of the Ionic.  It takes the simple scroll look of the Ionic and dresses it up in much more ornamental designs.  The Corinthian style also differs in that the temple is set up in a circle.  In comparison the Doric and Ionic are in  shapes of squares and rectangles.  The following pictures show the clear distinctions between the styles.

 

 

Egyptian Architecture (for question #5) 

 

Greek Conclusion

 

 

African Art Lesson 1 2 3 4 Cave Art Lesson 1 2 3 4
 Mesopotamia Art Lesson 1 2   Egyptian Art Lesson 1 2 3 4 5
Greek Art Lesson 1 2 3 4 5    Roman Art Lesson 1 2 3
Middle Ages Art 1 2 3 4 5 6   Middle Ages Architecture 1 2 3 4 5