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Abduction of Persephone

abduction of persephone

Persephone was the daughter of Demeter and Zeus. Persephone was picking flowers one day when Hades saw her. He was so captivated by her beauty that he took her by force to the underworld.

Demeter, goddess of the harvest and fertility searched for her daughter when Persephone went missing. Once she realized Persephone was taken to the underworld, she protested the abduction by stopping her work with the crops. Before this time, food in Greece was always plentiful, but now crops failed and food was scarce. Zeus and the other gods tried to convince Demeter to lift her curse on the land, but she would not until her daughter was released.

Zeus then sent Hermes to Hades urging him to the release Persephone. Hades understood this as a demand that he needed to follow. Before releasing her, Hades had her eat seeds of the pomegranate. Because she ate fruit from the underworld she was now tied to the underworld and to Hades.

Zeus was forced to make a compromise between Demeter and Hades in their claims to Persephone. He arranged a plan for Persephone to spend four months with Hades as his queen, one for every seed of the pomegranate she had eaten. The other eight months she would return to her mother. Demeter continued to allow the crops to fail when Persephone was with Hades. This myth of Persephone was used by the Greeks to explain the cycle of fertility in nature.


The Rape of Proserpina by Bernini - Galleria Borghese, Rome


Major Gods and Goddesses

 Aphrodite |  Apollo | Ares |  Artemis | AthenaDemeter | Dionysus
    Hades | Hephaestus |  Hera | Hermes |  Hestia |  Poseidon |  Zeus  


Achilles | Aeneas | Diomedes | Hector | Hercules | Jason | Odysseus | Perseus | Theseus

Introduction  | Creation Story |  Olympians VS. Titans  |  Creation of Man | 
  Revolt of Giants  | Abduction of Persephone  |  The Underworld
   Visitors to Underworld  | Amzon Warriors  | Ares vs. Athena | Daedalus and Icarus
Echo and Narcissus | Judgement of Paris  |  Perseus and AndromedaTrojan War

Original Sources of Greek-Roman Mythology