Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek Culture Section

Ancient Greek Mythology

Ancient Greek Picture Gallery

Ancient Greek Art Lesson

Ancient Greek Web Resources

































































































(King of the gods)

Zeus with thunderbolt

Roman name: Jupiter
Parents: Cronos and Rhea
Brothers: Hades, Poseidon
Sisters: Hestia, Demeter, Hera


Zeus was the king of the gods. He was the ruler of the heavens where he controlled the weather and the skies. He created thunder and could hurl lightning bolts at those who angered him. The thunderbolts were given to Zeus by a Cyclops to help aid him in his war against the Titans.

Stories about Zeus:

Birth of Zeus and his siblings

Battles against Titans


Zeus’s Marriages and Offspring

Zeus was married six times, and he had numerous affairs with goddesses and mortal women alike. Below is a summary of his most prominent marriages and affairs:


Marriage #1

Wife: Metis
Child: Athena (goddess of wisdom, war, patriotism and good citizenship)
Athena was born out of the head of Zeus (Click here for details)


Marriage #2

Wife: Themis (Titanesses)
Children; Atropos, Clotho, Lachesis (The Fates)
Horae (The hours)
Eunomia (discipline)
Dike (justice)
Eirene (peace)
Zeus brought order to the world when these children were born.


Marriage #3

Wife: Eurynome (Metis’s sister)
Children: Three Graces (Aglaia, Euphrosyne, Thalia)

Marriage #4

Wife: Demeter (Zeus’s sister)
Child: Persephone (Becomes queen of underworld)


Marriage #5

Wife: Mnemosyne (Titaness)
Children: the nine Muses (Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melphomene,
Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, Urania


Marriage #6

Wife: Hera (Zeus’s sister)
Children: Ares (god of war)
Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth)
Hebe (youth)
Hephaestus (god of fire)



Zeus’s Affairs (while married to Hera)

Aegina (daughter of river god Asopus)
child: Aeacus


Alcmene (mortal)
Child: Hercules


Electra (daughter of the Titan Atlas)
child: Dardonus (founder of the Royal house of Troy)


Europa (daughter of the King of Phoenicia)
children: Minos, Sarpedon, Rhadomanhys


Io (priestess of Hera)Zeus and Io

Leda (daughter of King Aetolia)
children: Polydeuces, Helen, and some attribute Castor, Phoebe,
Timondra and Philonoe


Maia (oldest daughter of the Titan Atlas)
Offspring: Hermes messenger of the gods


Semele (mortal)
child: Dionysus (god of wine and pleasure)


Taygete (Daughter of the Titan Atlas)
child: Lacedaemon

Note: this is not an exhaustive list.





Jupiter Casting a Thunderbolt by Faydherbe, Musees Royaux des Beasu-Art , Brussels

Juno discovering Jupiter with IO by Lastman, Pieter Pietersz - National Gallery, London

Major Gods and Goddesses

 Aphrodite |  Apollo | Ares |  Artemis | AthenaDemeter | Dionysus
    Hades | Hephaestus |  Hera | Hermes |  Hestia |  Poseidon |  Zeus  


Achilles | Aeneas | Diomedes | Hector | Hercules | Jason | Odysseus | Perseus | Theseus

Introduction  | Creation Story |  Olympians VS. Titans  |  Creation of Man | 
  Revolt of Giants  | Abduction of Persephone  |  The Underworld
   Visitors to Underworld  | Amzon Warriors  | Ares vs. Athena | Daedalus and Icarus
Echo and Narcissus | Judgement of Paris  |  Perseus and AndromedaTrojan War

Original Sources of Greek-Roman Mythology